172 Tatsip Ataa Midden Excavation Project - Subsistence Strategies and Economy in Norse Vatnahverfi


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Parent name: The Norse Settlement in the Vatnahverfi Region, South Greenland c. AD 985 - c. AD 1450

Project Details

Title:172 Tatsip Ataa Midden Excavation Project - Subsistence Strategies and Economy in Norse Vatnahverfi
Permalink:http://www.nabohome.org/cgi-bin/explore.pl?seq=159
Abstract:The Norse economy in Greenland was strongly dependent upon a balance of both marine resources (seals, sea birds, walruses) and terrestrial resources (pasture plants, woodland, fertilized soils, domestic mammals, reindeer) (McGovern 1985, 2000, McGovern et al 1996, Enghoff 2003). The Vatnahverfi project aims at improving understanding of the Norse farming and hunting strategies, as well as the use of other local resources (woodland, pasture, marine and freshwater resources) in the Vatnahverfi area, and how they changed in the face of climatic and environmental changes, especially with the arrival of summer sea ice ca. 1250-1300 and the cooling and increased variability of the 15th century (Ogilvie et al 2009, Dugmore et al 2007, 2012). This in turn may have affected the settlement pattern, and the use of landscape and natural resources in this inner fjord part of the Norse Eastern Settlement. Through zooarchaeology and environmental archaeology, we aim to reconstruct the human ecodynamics of that region and collect data that will be basis for a broader comparison with other places in the Norse North Atlantic.

The farm site E172 Tatsip Ataa was chosen after the completion of a coring survey and an excavation of a 2x3m trench at this farm complex in 2007, which located and dated the midden (Śmiarowski 2007, Mller et.al. 2007). The overall main objectives for both (2009-10) field seasons were to continue excavations of the midden. The 2007 survey and excavation results confirmed good organic preservation (preserved wood, bark, and small whale baleen artifacts with soil ph 6.2 in most of the midden layers), and produced sizable archaeofauna and artifact collections. Further investigation of bone and artifact density, and excavation of datable patches of cultural deposits to recover a sample of ecofacts and artifacts from the midden layers was the main aim of the 2009-10 excavations.

Keywords:Greenland,Norse,Zooarchaeology,Climate,Subsistance,Eastern,Settlement
Sponsors/Funders: NSF Office of Polar Programs
Country:Greenland
Region:Quaqortoq municipality, Igaliku Fjord
Project Start Year:2007

Account Owner

Contact: Konrad Smiarowski
Institution: HERC - CUNY Graduate School and Univeeersity Center
Postal Address: 365 Fifth Avenue

New York, NY

Post Code: 10016
Telephone: +19175742674
Email: zaglobax@yahoo.com

Project Collaborators

Name: Jette Arneborg
Address: Frederiksholms Kanal 12 DK-1220 COPENHAGEN K
Country: Denmark
Phone: +45 3347 3441
Email: jette.arneborg@natmus.dk
Website: http://www.natmus.dk
 
Name: Christian Koch Madsen
Institution: Danish National Museum and Copenhagen University
Address: Frederiksholms Kanal 12 DK-1220 COPENHAGEN K
Country: Denmark
Email: ckmadsen@gmail.com
 
Name: Tom McGovern
Institution: Dept Anthropology, CUNY
Country: USA
 
Name: Konrad Smiarowski
Institution: HERC Center & CUNY Graduate School and University Center
Address: 365 Fifth Avenue New York, NY
Postcode: 10016
Country: USA
Email: zaglobax@yahoo.com
Website: http://www.polarfield.com/blog/tag/konrad-smiarowski/
 

Project Content

icon Konrad Smiarowski: Greenland 2007 Field Season - Preliminary Report
E172 Tatsip Ataa 2007 Preliminary Report


icon Konrad Smiarowski, E172 Tatsip Ataa Midden Excavation Preliminary Excavation Report, 2009-2010
Konrad Smiarowski, E172 Tatsip Ataa Midden Excavation Preliminary Excavation Report, 2009-2010


icon Digging For Clues in Greenland - The Polar Field Services Newsletter
"Polar Notes" is a newsletter ran by Polar Field Services, who provided some logistics support for the excavation project at 172 Tatsip Ataa Midden Excavation Project.




Project Location

Latitude: 60.80679°N
Longitude: 45.5298°W