North Atlantic Biocultural Organisation GeoRSS A selection of the most recent projects added to the North Atlantic Biocultural Organisation which have a defined spatial extent. To see the geographical extent of the projects listed, click a project title. For more information on a specific project, click the hyperlink below the title. http://www.nabohome.org/cgi-bin/georss.pl Hegranes Zooarchaeology Project For more information on this project, click here
]]>This project focuses on the zooarchaeology of Hegranes, in Skagafjörður. Partnered with the Skagafjörður Church and Settlement Survey (SCASS, http://blogs.umb.edu/scass/) and the Fornbýli Landscape and Archaeological Survey on Hegranes (FLASH, http://kathrynacatlin.net/blog/), the Hegranes Zooarchaeology Project allows us to explore the economic strategies of the first settlers on Hegranes. Rather than focusing on a large-scale excavation at one site, this project has benefitted from smaller excavations at nearly every site on Hegranes. This project has begun to illuminate local trade networks, specific resource specialization, early artisanal fishing, and social practices. The varied use of wild and domestic resources contribute to our knowledge of the changes in farm size over time as well as longevity of a site. By joining these three projects, we hope to gain a more holistic understanding of not just the settlement pattern of the region but of the activities taking place on the landscape and the factors that played into early decision-making.
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Zooarchaeology of the Skagafjörður Archaeological Settlement Survey (SASS) For more information on this project, click here
]]>The Skagafjörður Archaeological Settlement Survey (SASS) examined the settlement pattern of Langholt, Skagafjörður, northern Iceland. Later creation of smaller farms through subdivision of larger, earlier settlements seems to have aided in the creation of social inequality in the late Norse and Medieval periods. For more information, see the SASS website (blogs.umb.edu/sass/) or contact Principle Investigators John Steinberg and Douglas Bolender. The zooarchaeological analysis is being done at Hunter College and will provide more data for the project as a whole while also addressing other questions of interest. Current research topics include the exploration of status, wealth, and social inequality through food remains.
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Investigations of the Long Term Sustainability of Human Ecodynamic Systems in Northern Iceland (MYCHANGE) For more information on this project, click here
]]>This international, cross-disciplinary NSF-funded project focuses on change, the environment, and sustainability in Iceland during the period ca. AD 1700 to 1950. A major aim of the project is to establish developments in human and social ecodynamics by considering one specific region – the Mývatn district in northeastern Iceland. The written record of subsistence and economy in Iceland is extensive, and includes detailed historical and literary accounts produced by individuals at different scales from the personal, such as diaries and letters, to the official, including documents from governmental and municipal archives. The “MYCHANGE” project has a particular focus on such documentary evidence and written accounts of daily activities include: haymaking; herding animals; subsistence; and trade, and provide a rich source of different perspectives on how people experienced, structured, and made use of their environment. The project encompasses a number of disciplines including historical ecology, environmental history, and literary studies, and includes considerable input from archaeology, in particular zooarchaeology. The project time frame begins ca. 1700 as from that time onwards the documentary evidence is extensive, and extends to ca. 1950. After that time numerous changes occurred that are beyond the scope of this exploratory project. In order to establish a synthetic view of the vulnerabilities and strengths that formed past subsistence modes the project places primary emphasis on one specific yet crucial aspect of the economy: the productivity of the grass growth and hay yield. The main elements considered are: haymaking; grassland management; and their inter-connections with climatic, environmental, and socioeconomic aspects. The project team members are: Astrid Ogilvie, Árni Daniel Júlíusson, Megan Hicks, Viðar Hreinsson and Ragnhildur Sigurðardóttir. Refer to project descr. file for more information
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