|Project Connections:||This project is not linked to any other projects|
|Abstract:||Several settlement remains are visible in Şegjandadalur, S-Şingeyjarsısla, which is believed to have been abandoned in the 15th century. The current project aims to do limited excavation to acquire dating evidence for both the establishment of settlement in the valley, and for its abandonment. Furthermore pagan graves have been revealed in one of the sites, Ingiríğarstağir. |
|Project Start Year:||2007|
||Bárugata 3, 101 Reykjavík, ICELAND
Archaeological Excavations in Şegjandadalur 2007-2008 [3.14 MB]
This report contains the results of excavations in Şegjandadalur in 2007 and 2008. Several settlement remains are visible in Şegjandadalur which is believed to have been abandoned in the 15th century. The preliminary goal of research in 2007 and 2008 was to acquire dating evidence for both the establishment of settlement in the valley, and for its abandonment. To this end, the sites of Einarsstağir and Ingiríğarstağir were identified as most promising. Both sites exhibit complex systems of boundaries and enclosures that define the farm territories and home fields. The focus of research was Ingiríğarstağir as it showed better preservation of tephra than Einarsstağir. Several trenches were excavated. Most structures predate tephra from 1300 but however later reuse is evident on top of the farm mound- possibly a shieling or a sheephouse. Some possible ploughmarks were found in the homefield and last but not least a couple of pagan burials just above the homefield - and more can be expected. Şegjandadalur awaits further research.
||Fornleifarannsóknir í S-Şingeyjarsıslu 2007 - Samantekt um vettvangsrannsóknir á Şegjandadal, Ağaldal og Reykjadal
This report contains results of investigations carried out in coopperation with Hiğ şingeyska fornleifafélag in 2007. Excavation in Litlu-Núpar was continued. Previously pagan graves had been discovered and structures dated to the Middle Ages. The investigation focussed on the place where pagan graves had previously been found. A well preserved boatgrave was revealed, marked by the shape of the cut and several boatnails. The remains of at least two individuals were found in the grave which had been robbed. 2. Preliminary excavation was carried out in Şegjandadalur. A boundary just north of the farm site Einarsstağir was dated to pre 1300. Four trenches were excavated in the farm site Ingiríğarstağir. A boundary enclosing the homefield predates 1300 and an enclosure attached to it is built after 1200. A round structure thought to be a graveyard wall dates to the mid 13th century. The farm mound however had occupational layers that both pre- and postdate the 1300 tephra - some layers even postdate the 1477 tephra. 3) Pagan graves in Lyngbrekka were continued. Three additional graves, all of which had been disturbed, were successfully located and fully excavated. So far four human burials and two horse burials have been excavated on site.
The geographical extent of this project has not been defined.