|Project Connections:||This project is not linked to any other projects|
|Abstract:||The archaeological remains of LŠkjargata (64.146270, -21.938554) in downtown ReykjavÝk were excavated by archaeologists from Fornleifastofnun ═slands (FS═) under the direction of LÝsabet Gumundsdˇttir in 2015. |
|Project Start Year:||2015|
|Projected End Year:||2015|
||Hunter College Anthropology,695 Park Ave, NYC NY
Faunal Evidence from LŠkjargata in ReykjavÝk: a preliminary report [25.16 MB]
The archaeological remains of LŠkjargata (64.146270, -21.938554) in downtown ReykjavÝk were excavated by archaeologists from Fornleifastofnun ═slands (FS═) under the direction of LÝsabet Gumundsdˇttir in 2015. Faunal evidence analyzed for this report is associated with the ruins of the site’s domestic structure, which has been dated to the 10th and 11th centuries using tephra relationships and associated artifacts. The archaeofauna was sampled from floor layers and among other typically domestic features - a hearth, stone paving, and a stone box (constructed of set-stone orthostats) - possibly used for cooking, storing water or storing other materials (Figure 1). The preliminary results (Table 1) show notable parallels between the LŠkjargata faunal assemblage and the assemblages from similarly aged sites in this region of Iceland: AalstrŠti 14-16 (Tinsley and McGovern, 2001; Harrisson, McGovern, and Tinsley, in press) and Tjarnargata 4 (Amorosi, 1997). However, the current number of identified specimens from LŠkjargata is low and the assemblage was poorly preserved; this means faunal analysis based on statistical comparison is currently not recommended until more identifications can be made. Among the unanalyzed materials are additional animal bones from the location’s 10th and 11th century phase and others from 19th century deposits. Despite the fact that the 10th and 11th century data set is currently small, it contributes significant detail to understanding the activities that took place around the LŠkjargata structure while adding to inter-regional reconstructions of early icelandic subsistence, use of domesticates, long distance trade of walrus ivory, intensive animal use, and local animal extinctions.